I am in the process of replacing my 1997 Kia Sportage with another "new" used car. I've been looking quite a bit at the Jeep Liberty Sport, since it is comparable in size to my Kia and I don't think it would be a problem for me to drive. Usually I have a friend who works on cars check it out for me, but he is not available anymore to do that. However, he suggested a few things for me to check out, besides the mileage on the odometer....check the oil for darkness or a burning smell, check the radiator/coolant and transmission fluid for "flecks", look for oil stains anywhere on the engine, check the tread on the tires with a penny, listen closely to any noises when test driving the car, etc. He said to also ask for a free CarFax report from the dealer, which should be readily available if the dealer is reputable. Is there anything else you can suggest that would help me pick out the best car for my money?
You will need to have the vehicle serviced somewhere, so why not have that facility check out the car. Ask them what the fee would be for that service up front. A Carfax report is a great idea, it will give you a history of how many owners the vehicle has had and all the warranty history. If the dealer does not offer a Carfax report, you can get one by going to the website. If you are planning to purchase a warranty for the vehicle, read the fine print to make sure it covers what you need. buying a used car can be stressfull, but if you ask the right questions you will make a good decision about the car you plan to buy.
〉 Answered on Dec 5th, 2006 by Lori Johnson, Owner and Instructor at Ladies Start Your Engines
Here is a great article on the steps you shoudl take to buya great used car:
The 8 Steps You Need To Take, To Purchase A Great Used Car!
by Amy Mattinat, Author of "How To Buy A Great Used Car"
for a used car can be intimidating, stressful and a down right
unpleasant experience. But it doesn’t have to be that way! It can be a
fun experience if you have the information you need to find a great car
and then negotiate a great deal.
Buying used instead of new can save
you a lot of money! In addition, you will have more choices. You can
pay less and get more bells and whistles (power window, power locks,
power seats, heated seats, sunroof, cruise control, CD player, etc.)
with an older vehicle, or for the same amount of money, purchase a
basic model and get a newer car.
1. The first step
down this road of becoming a Successful Used Car Shopper is doing your
Homework! Know what you’re looking for before you even step foot onto a
car lot, start looking in the newspaper or on the internet. Here are 8
items I’d like you to consider as you compare what you want vs. what
Don’t let your emotions take control
in picking out your car. What you need and can afford will make a much
better “relationship” between you and your car. That beautiful, 2-door
sports car that no-one wants to work on and parts are hard to come by
can turn out to be more of a headache then the right car for you.
• Think about your space considerations. How many people or what type of cargo do you need to transport on a regular basis.
• Think about what type of regular driving you will be doing. Will it be highway, city stop and go, paved roads, or dirt roads?
• Transmission: Automatic or Manual?
transmissions are easier to drive in a city, (traffic jams, etc.) But
they consume an average of 1.3 times more fuel than the same car with a
• Two-wheel drive or four-wheel drive?
soon as you put 4-wheel drive into the equation you have added a couple
thousand dollars to your budget and extra maintenance costs. If you can
do without it, buy great winter tires instead and you will get a better
quality vehicle for your budget.)
• Main concerns: safety, reliability, price, four-wheel drive?
• Options: air conditioning, sunroof, cruise control, side air bags, ABS brakes, power locks & windows?
• Seat Covering: vinyl, cloth, leather?
• Do you have a specific make or model in mind?
2. Six Ways to research what kind of make and model to consider:
• Start looking around at what vehicles you most often see on the road
and make a list. If there is an abundance of a certain vehicle, it can
mean it has a good track record.
• Ask your trusted mechanic for their opinion of a safe and reliable vehicle that meets your criteria. You can also go to J.D. Power and compare four vehicles to each other.
• To find out how the vehicle did on a Crash Test go to the Insurance Institute of Highway Safety.
• If fuel economy is at the top of your list, you should find out the city and highway average miles of any vehicle.
• If you want to know about recall records of vehicles sold in the US you can look up recall records
online. You will need the VIN number, (vehicle identification number)
that can be found on a metal plate on the dash, on the driver’s side,
near the windshield.
• If you want other vehicle owners’ opinions regarding various makes and models, go to Epinions. I find this website very informative and fun to read!
3. Next on your list is “How Much to Spend!” You
need to find out how much you can afford per month on this car? This
needs to include car payments, gas, maintenance, and insurance. If
you’re taking out a loan, now is a good time to get pre-approved. This
will help to determine the year and mileage you can afford. Check out a
variety of lenders and compare.
Make sure you understand the following information regarding loans before you sign any documents:
• The total amount of loan you can get.
• The interest rate (the APR - annual percentage rate).
• The finance charge (the total dollar amount the loan will cost you).
• How many payments you will make.
• The amount of each monthly payment.
is a very important point to remember: Most used cars are sold because
the present owner doesn’t want to put anymore money into it, whether
repairs or maintenance work - it almost always needs something! Figure
anywhere from $300.00 - $500.00 for a 2-3 year old car, $500.00 -
$1,500.00 for a 4-6 year old car and $15,000 - $2,500 for anything
older than 7 years. So you need to subtract the cost of repairs and
maintenance that will need to be done right away from your total budget!
If you are feeling really stressed out that you don’t have enough money to afford a car, and absolutely need one, Go to online to find out who to contact in your state regarding low income car ownership programs.
sure you know your numbers! Total amount you have in hand, subtract the
estimated initial repairs needed make the vehicle safe and reliable.
Subtract the registration and sales tax and subtract the yearly cost of
insurance and you get the total amount you can afford to offer the
Take this total number and break it down to a monthly
amount. Does this work with your monthly income? If it doesn’t, rework
your numbers. It’s best to take the time now before you have spent any
money. If the number does work, give yourself a pat on your shoulder
for a job well done! Write this down on a note card and carry it with
you!!! In the “heat of the moment” you may need this card to bring you
back down to earth!
4. Research the prices of used cars. Go
to www.nada.com to see what the going rate is for the various makes,
models, year and mileage. This is where the dealers and banks all get
their dollar figures. All this information should give you a range of
years, mileage, makes and models to choose from!
“trying different cars on for size” Do this with the attitude of
“window shopping” and don’t let your emotions carry you down the road
permanently! This is all about investigating how comfortable the seats
are, is there enough room for all your “stuff,” is there enough room
for your partner, children, dogs, instruments, etc. How does the car
feel when driving? Do you have good visibility? Don’t worry if it is
not the right color, or if this particular vehicle runs poorly. This is
all about finding the vehicle that fits!
6. Time to start
searching “for the one!” There are many different places to look for a
great used car: New car dealers, Independent used car dealers, the
internet, newspaper want ads, seeing the car on the side of the road
with a “for sale” sign the window, car rental agencies, and bank and
loan auctions. They all have their pros and cons. The main thing you
want to look for is a solid vehicle with no rust, that hasn’t been in
an accident, and has a solid engine. If you find a vehicle you like and
it needs: brakes, exhaust, tune-up, timing belt, struts or shocks,
don’t let it scare you away. This type of work needs to be done on a
regular basis and once done; the vehicle will be safe and reliable.
Questions to ask that will help you to determine if a vehicle is worth
your time to go look at. Make sure you write down the answers and bring
them with you!
• Is the transmission Automatic or Manual? (If the transmission is not what you want, there is no need to ask further questions.)
• Do they check over the used car thoroughly before selling it? If they find anything wrong with the car, do they fix it?
the vehicle had any repairs recently (example: brakes, tires, exhaust,
battery?) or service… if so - what garage performed the work? Can they
continue to service your car after you purchase it?
• Has the vehicle been repainted and if so why?
• Has the vehicle been involved in any accidents?
• What is the condition of the vehicle’s body? Is there any rust?
• Can you take one of their cars to another Mechanic to have it thoroughly inspected before you offer a price?
• What kind of warranty do they offer? Is it in writing?
• Can they provide you with a list of satisfied customers?
• What price are they asking for the vehicle?
For a Private Seller, ask the same questions you would ask any dealer that are applicable, plus the following questions...
• Are they the original owners? (most original owners tend to take good care of their cars)
• If not, how long did they have the car and where did they purchase it?
• How many miles has the vehicle been driven? ( the average amount is approx. 10 to 12 thousand miles per year)
• How often was a Lube Oil &
Filter performed? (3000 miles is the average for mixed driving, 5000
miles for cars that do a lot of highway driving.)
• Can you see all the service records from all the work done to the
car, including oil changes? (This will verify how well they took care
of the vehicle)
• Why are they selling it? (If they are purchasing the same make of vehicle, that will tell you it was a good car for them)
asking these questions, you’ll gain the information that you need to
decide if you should even look at the car. If you like what you see -
then it’s time to do a preliminary inspection. The information you get
from your phone call along with a road test and inspection of the
vehicle will verify or falsify the information you were given.
When you go to look at a car, you need to have a checklist to fill out
to see if the vehicle you’re looking at is even worth considering, and
a check list for you to take with you and fill out on your test drive.
You can find them all over the web, or go to my website at
www.usedcarexpert.com and download my 96 page book for $14.95. Along
with a step by step guide to purchasing a great used car, it also
contains an easy to use 5 page spreadsheet for inspecting the vehicle
and a 2 page spreadsheet for “the test drive.” Just read the questions
and answer yes / no and you will know if this vehicle is even worth
pursuing. I’ve also included a 16 page checklist for you to take to a
Professional Mechanic” to do a detailed inspection on the vehicle. Not
all mechanics are as thorough as you need them to be to uncover the
secrets of your potential new car, so this checklist makes sure your
vehicle gets the in-depth inspection it needs. I’ve also included
helpful hints in negotiating your deal, information on various
warranties and helpful tips on what to do with your old vehicle?
the way to find a great used car is by doing your homework. When you
are all finished I want you to know more about the vehicle then the
previous owner does.
This is the key to negotiating the deal
of the century. It’s cheaper for a dealer to repair the vehicle
in-house then to lower the price. If they will do the work needed you
are still saving a bundle, because you won’t have to do this once you
purchase the vehicle. Most private sales have no idea what condition
their vehicle is in. If you disclose all the repairs and maintenance
the vehicle needs, they tend to get embarrassed and lower the price to
get it off their hands.
If you take the time to research and
investigate you will be in control of the buying process, have a good
time negotiating the sale, and have a safe, reliable vehicle to drive
〉 Answered on Nov 17th, 2006 by Amy Mattinat, Owner and Author at Auto Craftsmen Ltd